Amblyopia, or "lazy eye", is decreased vision in one, or both eyes, and treatable when properly diagnosed at a young age by a skilled eye care professional.
Defined as a misalignment of the eyes, strabismus affects an estimated 4% of the U.S. population. There are various forms of strabismus and they are most commonly described by their direction of misalignment.
Unlike adult cataracts, pediatric cataracts are often present from birth and can affect one eye or both eyes. Most pediatric cataracts have no identifiable cause, and approximately 3 out of 10,000 children have cataracts in the U.S.
Just like strabismus in children, there are various forms of misalignment of the eyes in adults. Strabismus in adults can either be present from childhood, or develop later in life. Often times, it can be accompanied by double vision.
BLOCKED TEAR DUCT
A blocked tear duct in a child can result in chronic watery, teary eyes that can be accompanied by discharge. In about 95% of cases, children will outgrow the condition by the age of 12 to 14 months; however, some may require a probing of the tear duct to clear the blockage.
A chalazion is a bump inside eyelid caused by an oil gland that is blocked. Despite their appearance, chalazia are often easily treated at home with hot compresses and lid massages.
DERMOID CYST/BENIGN ORBITAL TUMOR
Dermoid cysts, or orbital tumors, are benign over-growths of non-cancerous tissue typically located on the eye orbit. They are often best treated with surgical intervention.
There are three different types of refractive errors: myopia (near-sightedness), hyperopia (far-sightedness), and astigmatism. Refractive errors are diagnosed by an eye care professional and are easily treated with prescription eyewear or contact lenses.
The manner in which our eyes work together to move inward when performing near work, such as reading, writing, working on a computer, etc., is called convergence. Common symptoms can include, but are not limited to, avoidance of near work, headaches, and eye strain.
HEADACHES IN CHILDREN
Headaches in children are quite common, and similar to adult headaches, their cause can be for a number of reasons. While frustrating for both children and parents, research has shown that visual problems are not likely to be the cause of recurring headaches in children.
As its name implies, red eye is when the white of the eye becomes red. The cause of red eyes can be due to allergies, an infection, a virus, or an injury. Treatment options can range from antibiotic eye drops to home-care remedies like cool compresses and rest.